Tag Archives: Lightning

Iterate Map List Values in Lightning Component

Apex Class:

public class SampleAuraController {
    
    @AuraEnabled
    Public static Map<string, List<string>> getMap(){ 
        Map<String, List<string>> mapObj = new Map<String, List<string>>();
        List<string> fruits = new List<String>{'Apple', 'Orange', 'Banana', 'Grapes'};
		List<string> vegetables = new List<String>{'Cabbage', 'Carrot', 'Potato', 'Tomato'};
		mapObj.put('Fruits', fruits);
        mapObj.put('Vegetables', vegetables);  
        return mapObj;
    }
}

Lightning Component:

<aura:component controller="SampleAuraController">
    <aura:attribute name="mapValues" type="object" />	
    <div class="slds-m-around_xx-large">
        <div class="slds-box slds-theme_default">
            <lightning:button label="Iterate Map" onclick="{!c.getMapValues}"/>
            <aura:iteration items="{!v.mapValues}"  var="mapKey" indexVar="key">  
                <strong><p>{!mapKey.key}</p></strong>
                <aura:iteration items="{!mapKey.value}" var="mapValue">
                    <p>{!mapValue}</p>
                </aura:iteration>
            </aura:iteration>
        </div>
    </div>
</aura:component>

Lightning Component JS Controller:

({
    getMapValues : function(component, event, helper) {
        var action = component.get("c.getMap");
        action.setCallback(this, function(response){
            var state = response.getState();
            if (state === "SUCCESS"){
                var result = response.getReturnValue();
                var arrayMapKeys = [];
                for(var key in result){
                    arrayMapKeys.push({key: key, value: result[key]});
                }
                component.set("v.mapValues", arrayMapKeys);
            }
        });
        $A.enqueueAction(action);
    }
})

Output:

Lookup Field in Lightning RecordEditForm

Lightning Component:

<!--Sample.cmp--> 
<aura:component implements="flexipage:availableForAllPageTypes,force:appHostable">
    <!--Component Start-->
    <div class="slds-m-around_xx-large">
        <lightning:recordEditForm recordId="5000I000016VCzL" objectApiName="Case">
            <lightning:messages />
            <lightning:inputField fieldName="AccountId"/>
            <lightning:inputField fieldName="ContactId"/>
            <lightning:inputField fieldName="Origin" />
            <lightning:inputField fieldName="Status" />
            <lightning:inputField fieldName="Priority" />
            <lightning:button class="slds-m-top_small" variant="brand" type="submit" name="update" label="Update" />
        </lightning:recordEditForm>
    </div>
    <!--Component End-->
</aura:component>

Output:

Salesforce Lightning Formatted DateTime

lightning:formattedDateTime component displays formatted date and time. This component uses the Intl.DateTimeFormat JavaScript object to format date values. The locale set in the app’s user preferences determines the formatting.

Below are the supported input values for lightning:formattedDateTime component:

  • Date object
  • ISO8601 formatted string
  • Timestamp

Lightning Component:

<!--Sample.cmp--> 
<aura:component>
    <!--Declare Attribute-->
    <aura:attribute name="currentDate" type="Date"/>
    
    <!--Declare Handlers-->
    <aura:handler name="init" value="{!this}" action="{!c.doInit}"/>
    
    <!--Component Start-->
    <div class="slds-m-around_xx-large">
        <lightning:formattedDateTime aura:id="dt"
                                     value="{!v.currentDate}"
                                     month="short"
                                     day="numeric"
                                     year="numeric"
                                     hour="2-digit"
                                     minute="2-digit"
                                     second="2-digit"
                                     hour12="true"
                                     timeZone="{!$Locale.timezone}"/>
    </div>
    <!--Component End-->
</aura:component>

Lightning JS Controller:

({
    doInit : function(component, event, helper) {
        var today = new Date();
        component.set('v.currentDate', today);
    }
})

Output:
The above example will return a value in this “Feb 18, 2018, 10:37:13 AM” format.

Salesforce Lightning Aura Method

Use aura:method to define a method as part of a component’s API. This enables you to directly call a method in a component’s client-side controller instead of firing and handling a component event. Using aura:method simplifies the code needed for a parent component to call a method on a child component that it contains.

Child Component:

<!--Child.cmp-->
<aura:component >
    <aura:method name="messageMethod" action="{!c.getMessage}" access="public">
        <aura:attribute name="param1" type="String" default="Hello"/> 
        <aura:attribute name="param2" type="String" default="World"/> 
    </aura:method>
</aura:component>

Child Component JS Controller:

({
    getMessage : function(component, event) {
        //get method paramaters
        var params = event.getParam('arguments');
        if (params) {
            var param1 = params.param1;
            var param2 = params.param2;
            alert(param1 + " " + param2);
        }
    }
})

Parent Component:

<!--Parent.cmp-->
<aura:component>    
    <div class="slds-m-around_xx-large">
        <!-- Child Component -->
        <c:Child aura:id="childCmp"/>
        <!-- On button click child aura:method will be called-->
        <lightning:button variant="brand" label="Call Aura Method" onclick="{!c.callAuraMethod}" />
    </div>
</aura:component>

Parent Component JS Controller:

({
    callAuraMethod : function(component, event, helper) {
        //Call Child aura method
        var childComponent = component.find("childCmp");
        var message = childComponent.messageMethod();
    }
})

Output:

Apex Controller Exception Handling in Lightning Component

When we use an Apex Controller method in lightning JS Controller or Helper, sometimes error occurs on execution of apex method. In lightning response object though the state value comes as ERROR but the message in the error object always says ‘Internal Server Error”. Here is an example to handle the apex exception and how to show custom messages in Lightning Component.

In below example I’ve used Lead object FirstName, LastName, Email & Company Field. In lead object LastName & Company fields are required. If we will submit the form without the required fields, then the apex method will throw the error message, which we can show in lightning component or we can add our custom message there.

Apex Controller:

public class SampleAuraController {
    
    @AuraEnabled
    Public static void createLead(Lead objLead){
        try{
            //Insert Lead Record
            insert objLead; 
        }catch(DmlException e) {
            //get DML exception message
            throw new AuraHandledException(e.getMessage());
        }catch(Exception e){
            //get exception message
            throw new AuraHandledException(e.getMessage());
        }
        finally {
        }
    } 
}

Lightning Component:

<!--Sample.cmp--> 
<aura:component controller="SampleAuraController" implements="flexipage:availableForAllPageTypes,force:appHostable">
    
    <!--Declare Attributes-->
    <aura:attribute name="objLead" type="Lead" default="{'sobjectType':'Lead', 
                                                        'FirstName': '',
                                                        'LastName': '',
                                                        'Email': '', 
                                                        'Company': ''}"/>
    
    <!--Component Start--> 
    <div class="slds-m-around--xx-large">
        <div class="container-fluid">
            <div class="form-group">
                <lightning:input name="fname" type="text" maxlength="50" label="First Name" value="{!v.objLead.FirstName}" />
            </div>
            <div class="form-group">
                <lightning:input name="lname" type="text" maxlength="50" label="Last Name" value="{!v.objLead.LastName}" />
            </div>
            <div class="form-group">
                <lightning:input name="emailId" type="email" maxlength="100" label="Email" value="{!v.objLead.Email}" />
            </div>
            <div class="form-group">
                <lightning:input name="company" type="text" maxlength="50" label="Company" value="{!v.objLead.Company}" />
            </div>
        </div>
        <br/>
        <lightning:button variant="brand" label="Submit" onclick="{!c.handleLeadSave}" />              
    </div>
    <!--Component End-->
</aura:component>

Lightning JS Controller:

({    
    //Handle Lead Save
    handleLeadSave : function(component, event, helper) {
        var objLead = component.get("v.objLead");
        var action = component.get("c.createLead");
        action.setParams({
            objLead : objLead
        });
        action.setCallback(this,function(a){
            var state = a.getState();
            if(state === "SUCCESS"){
                alert('Record is Created Successfully');
            } else if(state === "ERROR"){
                var errors = action.getError();
                if (errors) {
                    if (errors[0] && errors[0].message) {
                        alert(errors[0].message);
                    }
                }
            }else if (status === "INCOMPLETE") {
                alert('No response from server or client is offline.');
            }
        });       
        $A.enqueueAction(action);
    }
})

Output:

LastName Required Field Error Message: