Invoking REST API From Visualforce Page

Usually we make Rest API calls from Salesforce to External systems to get the data or to pass the updates to External Systems, using Apex class. But sometimes we can have a situation, like where we need to make a call to external systems from the visual force page.

Salesforce has introduced a concept called AJAX ToolKit, which help us to make REST API call from the JavaScript in Visualforce Page. Here is an example to invoke REST API from Visualforce Page. In below example I’m using http://fixer.io/ web service HTTP callout and send a GET request to get the foreign exchange rates. The foreign exchange rates service sends the response in JSON format.

Visualforce Page:

<apex:page>
    <apex:includeScript value="//code.jquery.com/jquery-1.11.1.min.js" />
    <script>
    function apiCall() {
        //Get a reference to jQuery that we can work with
        $j = jQuery.noConflict();
        //endpoint URL
        var weblink = "https://api.fixer.io/latest?base=USD"; 
        
        $j.ajax({
            url: weblink,
            type: 'GET', //Type POST or GET
            dataType: 'json',
            beforeSend: function(request) {
                //Add all API Headers here if any
                //request.setRequestHeader('Type','Value');
            },
            
            crossDomain: true,
            //If Successfully executed 
            success: function(result) {
                //Response will be stored in result variable in the form of Object.
                console.log('Response Result' + result);
                
                //Convert JSResponse Object to JSON response
                var jsonResp = JSON.stringify(result);
                document.getElementById("apiData").innerHTML = jsonResp;
            },
            
            //If any Error occured
            error: function(jqXHR, textStatus, errorThrown) {
                //alert('ErrorThrown: ' + errorThrown);
            }
        });
    }
    </script>
    <apex:form>
        <!--call javaScript-->
        <input type="button" value="Call API" onclick="apiCall()" />
        <div id="apiData">
        </div>
    </apex:form>
</apex:page>