Dynamic Data Creation in Salesforce From Json Data Without Using Wrapper Class

Generally for Json data insertion from external system to Salesforce, we use apex rest class and wrapper class for every object. I had a requirement to insert around 40 SF objects data from the Json data. To accomplish this requirement, I created a dynamic class, where we can insert Json data for N number of objects.

The advantage of this class is don’t need to change anything in class, If our number of object will increase or any field name will change or any field type will change. We need to change only in Custom Settings.

So, here is my article on dynamic data creation in Salesforce from json data without using wrapper class. In this article I’m going to pass Json data of Accounts & Contacts objects.

For external system data I’ve created external Id in both Account & Contact objects.

Account Object External Id Custom Field:
AccountExternalId

Contact Object External Id Custom Field:
ContactExternalId

To save SF object and Json Object information, We need to create a Custom Settings for objects.

Here is the Custom Setting Object (Json Object Mapping):
Json Object Mapping Custom Settings

Custom Setting Object (Json Object Mapping) Fields:
Json Object Mapping Fields

Custom Setting Object (Json Object Mapping) Records For Account & Contact Objects:
Json Object Mapping Records

To save SF field and Json field information, We need to create a Custom Settings for fields.
Here is the Custom Setting Object (JSon Field Mapping):
Json Field Mapping Custom Settings

Custom Setting Object (Json Field Mapping) Fields:
Json Field Mapping Fields

Custom Setting Object (Json Field Mapping) Records For Account & Contact Objects:
Json Field Mapping Records

Sample Json Data of Accounts & Contacts Objects:

{
"Account_List": {
	"Account": [{
		"External_Id": 833993,
		"Account_Name": "John"
	},
	{
		"External_Id": 833994,
		"Account_Name": "Peter"
	}]
},	
"Contact_List": {
    "Contact": [{
		    "External_Id": 100001,
			"Account_External_Id":833993,
			"First_Name":"Biswajeet",
			"Last_Name": "Samal"
		},
		{
			"External_Id": 100002,
			"Account_External_Id":833994,
			"First_Name":"Abhijeet",
			"Last_Name": "Samal"
		}]
	}
}

Dynamic apex rest class:


//URL Mapping
@RestResource(urlMapping='/ApplicationProcess/*')
global with sharing class ApplicationProcess{

    @HttpPost
    global static ApplicationResponseMsg parseApplicationJSON() {

        //Application Response Message
        ApplicationResponseMsg appResponse = new ApplicationResponseMsg();
        
        //Get Custom Settings Field Mapping List
        List<Json_Field_Mapping__c> fieldMappingList = Json_Field_Mapping__c.getall().values();
        
        //Get Custom Settings Object Mapping List
        List<Json_Object_Mapping__c> objectMappingList = Json_Object_Mapping__c.getall().values();
        
        //Sequential Object Mapping List For Data insertion sequence in objects
        List<Json_Object_Mapping__c> sequentialObjectMappingList = new List<Json_Object_Mapping__c>();
        
        //Create Sequential List For Data insertion in objects
        for(Integer i=1; i <= objectMappingList.size(); i++){
            for(Json_Object_Mapping__c jsonObjMapping: objectMappingList){
                if(i == jsonObjMapping.Object_Insertion_Sequence__c){
                    sequentialObjectMappingList.add(jsonObjMapping);
                }
            }
        }
        
        //Savepoint for transaction
        Savepoint sp = Database.setSavepoint();
        try {
        
            RestRequest request = RestContext.request;  
            RestResponse response = RestContext.response;
            String jSONRequestBody = request.requestBody.toString().trim();
            
            //Deserialize the json data
            Map<String, Object> results = (Map<String, Object>)JSON.deserializeUntyped(jSONRequestBody);
            Map<String, Object> formattedResults = new Map<String, Object>();
        
            if(results != null){
                formattedResults = getFormattedJsonDataMap(results);
            }

            //Loop on Sequential Object List
            for (Json_Object_Mapping__c objMap : sequentialObjectMappingList) {
                
                //List For Json Data
                List<Object> JSONDataList = new List<Object>();            
                String jsonObjectListName = (objMap.Json_Object_List_Name__c).toUpperCase();
                Map<String, Object> JSONDataMap = (Map<String, Object>)formattedResults.get(jsonObjectListName);
                Map<String, Object> formattedJSONDataMap = new Map<String, Object>();
                
                if(JSONDataMap  != null){
                    formattedJSONDataMap = getFormattedJsonDataMap(JSONDataMap);
                }
                
                if(formattedJSONDataMap != null){
                    String JSONObjectName = (objMap.Json_Object_Name__c).toUpperCase();
                    JSONDataList = (List<Object>)formattedJSONDataMap.get(JSONObjectName);
                }

                if(JSONDataList != null){
                    if(JSONDataList.Size() > 0){
                    
                        //Get Object wise field map list from custom setting
                        String sfObjectName = (objMap.SF_Object_Name__c).toUpperCase();
                        List<Json_Field_Mapping__c> fieldMapList = getFieldMapJsonSetting(sfObjectName, fieldMappingList);
                
                        //Save data
                        SaveData(JSONDataList, objMap, fieldMapList);
                    }
                }
            }
            appResponse.Status = 'Success';
            appResponse.Message = 'All data are saved successfully';
        }
        catch(Exception e) {
            Database.rollback(sp);
            appResponse.Status = 'Fail';
            appResponse.Message = e.getMessage();
        }
        return appResponse;
    }
    
    //Save Data Method For Save Functionality
    private static void SaveData(List<Object> jsonDataList, Json_Object_Mapping__c objMap, List<Json_Field_Mapping__c> fieldMappingList){
        String objName = objMap.SF_Object_Name__c;
        
        //Make dynamic list of object
        String objListType = 'List<' + objName + '>';
        
        //Cast sobject list to object list
        List<SObject> sobjList = (List<SObject>)Type.forName(objListType).newInstance();
    
        //Main Object External ID field For Upsert
        Schema.SObjectField externalIdField;
        
        for (Object obj : jsonDataList)
        {     
            //Map Json Data
            Map<String, Object> jsonDataMap = (Map<String, Object>)obj;
            
            sObject sObj = Schema.getGlobalDescribe().get(objName).newSObject();

            for (String attributeName : jsonDataMap.keyset())
            {
                for(Integer i=0;i<fieldMappingList.size();i++)
                {
                    Json_Field_Mapping__c fieldMapping = fieldMappingList[i];
                    
                    //Json Data Field Value
                    object jsonValue = jsonDataMap.get(attributeName);
                    
                    if(fieldMapping.Json_Field_Name__c == attributeName){
                    
                        //Save Data For Main Object
                        Boolean isExternalId = fieldMapping.Is_External_Id__c;
                        String sfFieldName = fieldMapping.SF_Field_Name__c;
                        
                        if(!String.isempty(string.valueof(jsonValue)) && !String.isempty(sfFieldName)){
                            
                            //Get Object Description
                            Schema.SObjectType mObjType = Schema.getGlobalDescribe().get(objName);
                            Schema.DescribeSObjectResult ObjDesc = mObjType.getDescribe();
                            
                            //Object Data Mapping
                            sObj = ObjectDataMapping(sObj, jsonValue, objName, fieldMapping);
                            
                            //Check external Id and add the field to external Id variable
                            if(isExternalId){
                                externalIdField = ObjDesc.fields.getMap().get(sfFieldName);
                            }
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
            
            //Add Object List
            if(sObj != null){
                sobjList.add(sObj);
            }
        }
        
        //Upsert Object Data
        if(sobjList != null){
        
            if(sobjList.Size() > 0){
            
                if(objName == 'Account'){
                    Database.Upsert((List<Account>)sobjList, externalIdField, true);
                }
                else if(objName == 'Contact'){
                    Database.Upsert((List<Contact>) sobjList, externalIdField, true);
                }
            }
        }
    }

    //Object Data Mapping
    private static sObject ObjectDataMapping(sObject sObj, object jsonValue, String objName, Json_Field_Mapping__c fieldMapping){

		//Get Field Description
		Schema.SObjectType ObjType = Schema.getGlobalDescribe().get(objName);
		Schema.DescribeSObjectResult ObjDesc = ObjType.getDescribe();
		Schema.DescribeFieldResult fieldDesc = ObjDesc.fields.getMap().get(fieldMapping.SF_Field_Name__c).getDescribe();
			
        //Check Relationship (Lookup or Master Details)
        if(fieldMapping.Is_Relationship__c){

            //Lookup Field Mapping
            sObject sObjLookup = Schema.getGlobalDescribe().get(fieldMapping.Relationship_Object_Name__c).newSObject();
            sObjLookup.put(fieldMapping.Relationship_SF_Field_Name__c, String.valueof(jsonValue));
            sObj.putSObject(fieldDesc.getRelationshipName(), sObjLookup);
        }
        else{
			/*
			//Here You Can check the field type
			if(fieldDesc.getType() == Schema.DisplayType.DATETIME){
				//Do Something
            }
            else if(fieldDesc.getType() == Schema.DisplayType.DATE){
				//Do Something
            }
            else if(fieldDesc.getType() == Schema.DisplayType.INTEGER){
				//Do Something
            }
			*/
            sObj.put(fieldMapping.SF_Field_Name__c,String.valueof(jsonValue));
        }
        return sObj;
    }

    //Get Field Map Json Setting
    private static List<Json_Field_Mapping__c> getFieldMapJsonSetting(string objName, List<Json_Field_Mapping__c> fieldMapJsonList){
        List<Json_Field_Mapping__c> objList = new List<Json_Field_Mapping__c>();
        for(Json_Field_Mapping__c fieldMap:fieldMapJsonList){
            if(fieldMap.SF_Object_Name__c == objName){
                objList.add(fieldMap);
            }
        }
        return objList;
    }
    
    //Get Formatted Json Data Map
    private static Map<String, Object> getFormattedJsonDataMap(Map<String, Object> results){
        Map<String, Object> formattedResult = new Map<String, Object>();
        for(String jsonObjectName: results.keySet()){
            Object jsonData = results.get(jsonObjectName);
            formattedResult.put(jsonObjectName.toUpperCase(), jsonData);
        }
        return formattedResult;
    }
    
    //Inner Class For Application Response Message
    global class ApplicationResponseMsg {
        global String Status ;
        global String message;
    }
}

To test the rest class, here is the snapshot to call the apex rest class from Workbench Rest Explorer.
WorkBench Apex Rest Execute

After successfully execute the rest class with Accounts & Contacts Json data.

Created Account Records:
Account Records

Created Contact Records:
Contact Records

Note: This is the sample class. For better performance and to accomplish your requirement you can modify this class.