Category Archives: Salesforce

Access the User’s Time Zone in a Formula Field

The solution takes advantage of a confusing inconsistency between two out of the box Salesforce functions, namely DATEVALUE and DATETIMEVALUE.

The first evaluates under the user’s timezone, while the latter evaluates as GMT. We can take advantage of this inconsistency and derive the user’s timezone as follows. Paste below code into a new numeric formula field named “UserTimezoneOffset”:

(DATEVALUE(DATETIMEVALUE(TEXT(TODAY())+" 00:00:00")) - TODAY()) + 
(DATEVALUE(DATETIMEVALUE(TEXT(TODAY())+" 01:00:00")) - TODAY()) + 
(DATEVALUE(DATETIMEVALUE(TEXT(TODAY())+" 02:00:00")) - TODAY()) + 
(DATEVALUE(DATETIMEVALUE(TEXT(TODAY())+" 03:00:00")) - TODAY()) + 
(DATEVALUE(DATETIMEVALUE(TEXT(TODAY())+" 04:00:00")) - TODAY()) + 
(DATEVALUE(DATETIMEVALUE(TEXT(TODAY())+" 05:00:00")) - TODAY()) + 
(DATEVALUE(DATETIMEVALUE(TEXT(TODAY())+" 06:00:00")) - TODAY()) + 
(DATEVALUE(DATETIMEVALUE(TEXT(TODAY())+" 07:00:00")) - TODAY()) + 
(DATEVALUE(DATETIMEVALUE(TEXT(TODAY())+" 08:00:00")) - TODAY()) + 
(DATEVALUE(DATETIMEVALUE(TEXT(TODAY())+" 09:00:00")) - TODAY()) + 
(DATEVALUE(DATETIMEVALUE(TEXT(TODAY())+" 10:00:00")) - TODAY()) + 
(DATEVALUE(DATETIMEVALUE(TEXT(TODAY())+" 11:00:00")) - TODAY()) + 
(DATEVALUE(DATETIMEVALUE(TEXT(TODAY())+" 12:00:00")) - TODAY()) + 
(DATEVALUE(DATETIMEVALUE(TEXT(TODAY())+" 13:00:00")) - TODAY()) + 
(DATEVALUE(DATETIMEVALUE(TEXT(TODAY())+" 14:00:00")) - TODAY()) + 
(DATEVALUE(DATETIMEVALUE(TEXT(TODAY())+" 15:00:00")) - TODAY()) + 
(DATEVALUE(DATETIMEVALUE(TEXT(TODAY())+" 16:00:00")) - TODAY()) + 
(DATEVALUE(DATETIMEVALUE(TEXT(TODAY())+" 17:00:00")) - TODAY()) + 
(DATEVALUE(DATETIMEVALUE(TEXT(TODAY())+" 18:00:00")) - TODAY()) + 
(DATEVALUE(DATETIMEVALUE(TEXT(TODAY())+" 19:00:00")) - TODAY()) + 
(DATEVALUE(DATETIMEVALUE(TEXT(TODAY())+" 20:00:00")) - TODAY()) + 
(DATEVALUE(DATETIMEVALUE(TEXT(TODAY())+" 21:00:00")) - TODAY()) + 
(DATEVALUE(DATETIMEVALUE(TEXT(TODAY())+" 22:00:00")) - TODAY()) + 
(DATEVALUE(DATETIMEVALUE(TEXT(TODAY())+" 23:00:00")) - TODAY())

This formula works because for every hour offset from GMT, the answer for “what day is today?” differs by one. In other words, the DATEVALUE of any literal hour of the day interpreted as GMT will be a day off from the user’s TODAY() based on their timezone setting on their User record. Adding together each of these discrepancies hour by hour ends up yielding the same answer as their timezone offset.

Formula Field to Find Time Zone From State Field in Salesforce

IF(CASE(BillingState, 'CA', 1, 'NV', 1,'OR', 1, 'WA', 1, 0) >=1, "Pacific Standard Time", null)+ 
IF(CASE(BillingState, 'AZ', 1, 'CO', 1,'ID', 1, 'MT', 1, 'NM', 1, 'UT', 1, 'WY', 1, 0) >= 1, "Mountain Standard Time", null)+ 
IF(CASE(BillingState, 'AL', 1, 'AR', 1, 'IL', 1, 'IA', 1,'KS', 1, 'LA', 1,'MN', 1,'MS', 1,'MO', 1,'NE', 1,'ND', 1, 'OK', 1,'SD', 1,'WI', 1, 0) >= 1, "Central Standard Time", null)+ 
IF(CASE(BillingState, 'CT', 1, 'DE', 1, 'GA', 1, 'ME', 1, 'MD', 1, 'MA', 1,'MI', 1, 'NH', 1, 'NJ', 1, 'NY', 1, 'NC', 1, 'OH', 1, 'PA', 1, 'RI', 1, 'SC', 1, 'VT', 1, 'VA', 1, 'WV', 1, 0) >= 1,"Eastern Standard Time", null)+ 
IF(CASE(BillingState, 'AK', 1, 0) >=1, "Alaskan Standard Time", null)+ 
IF(CASE(BillingState, 'HI', 1, 0) >=1, "Hawaiian Standard Time", null)+ 
IF(BillingState = 'FL', IF(MID(Phone,2,3) = "850","Central Standard Time","Eastern Standard Time"),null)+ 
IF(BillingState = 'IN', IF(MID(Phone,2,3) = "219","Central Standard Time","Eastern Standard Time"),null)+ 
IF(BillingState = 'KY', IF(MID(Phone,2,3) = "270","Central Standard Time","Eastern Standard Time"),null)+ 
IF(BillingState = 'TX', IF(MID(Phone,2,3) = "915","Mountain Standard Time","Central Standard Time"),null)+ 
IF(BillingState = 'TN', IF(CASE(MID(Phone,2,3),"865",1,"423",1,0)>=1,"Eastern Standard Time", "Central Standard Time"),null)

This organization isn’t authorized to upload change sets to other organizations

This organization isn’t authorized to upload change sets to other organizations. For authorization, contact the deployment connections administrators on the organizations where you want to upload changes.

This error is coming, just because of deployment settings. Seems like you have not created deployment connection between your source org and destination org.

To create deployment connection log into the destination org and follow below steps.

Setup -> Deploy -> Deployment Setting -> Select source sandbox from the available list of sandboxes – Edit -> Check allow inbound change sets check box and save.

What is the System.runAs() Method in Salesforce Apex Class?

Generally, all Apex code runs in system mode, where the permissions and record sharing of the current user are not taken into account. The system method runAs enables you to write test methods that change the user context to an existing user or a new user so that the user’s record sharing is enforced. The runAs method doesn’t enforce user permissions or field-level permissions, only record sharing.

Note: We can use runAs only in test methods. The original system context is started again after all runAs test methods complete. The runAs method ignores user license limits. We can create new users with runAs even if your organization has no additional user licenses.

The following items use the permissions granted by the user specified with runAs running as a specific user:

  • dynamic Apex
  • methods using with sharing or without sharing
  • shared records

Example:

In the following example, a new test user is created, then code is run as that user, with that user’s record sharing access:

@isTest
private class TestRunAs {
   public static testMethod void testRunAs() {
      // Setup test data
      // This code runs as the system user
      Profile p = [SELECT Id FROM Profile WHERE Name='Standard Test User']; 
      User u = new User(Alias = 'standt', Email='standardtestuser@force.com', 
      EmailEncodingKey='UTF-8', LastName='TestUser', LanguageLocaleKey='en_US', 
      LocaleSidKey='en_US', ProfileId = p.Id, 
      TimeZoneSidKey='America/Los_Angeles', UserName='standardtestuser@force.com');

      System.runAs(u) {
         // The following code runs as user 'u' 
         System.debug('Current User: ' + UserInfo.getUserName());
         System.debug('Current Profile: ' + UserInfo.getProfileId()); 
      }
   }
}