To deploy to production at-least 75% code coverage is required, But your focus shouldn’t be on the percentage of code that is covered. Instead, you should make sure that every use case of your application is covered, including positive and negative cases, as well as bulk and single records. This should lead to 75% or more of your code being covered by unit tests.
Test class must start with @isTest annotation if class version is more than 25.
@isTest annotation with test method is equivalent to testMethod keyword.
Test class and method default access is private ,no need to add access specifier.
Classes with @isTest annotation can’t be a interface or enum.
Test method code can’t be invoked by non test request.
Stating with salesforce API 28.0 test method can not reside inside non test classes.
Always use @testSetup method dedicated to create test records for that class. This is newly added annotation and very powerful.
If possible Don’t use seeAllData=true, Create your Own Test Data. SeeAllData=true will not work for API 23 version earlier.
User, profile, organization, AsyncApexjob, Corntrigger, RecordType, ApexClass, ApexComponent ,ApexPage we can access without (seeAllData=true).
@TestVisible annotation can be used to access private members and methods inside Test Class. Now we don’t need to compromise with access specifiers for sake of code coverage.
Test method and test classes are not counted as a part of code limit.
Test method takes no argument, commit no data to database, send no email, flagged with testMethod keyword.
Use Test.startTest() to reset Governor limits in Test methods.
If you are doing any Asynchronous operation in code, then don’t forget to call Test.stopTest() to make sure that operation is completed.
Use System.runAs() method to enforce OWD and Profile related testings. This is very important from Security point of View.
System.runAs() will not enforce user permission or field level permission.
Use As much as Assertions like System.AssertEquals or System.AssertNotEquals.
Always test Batch Capabilities of your code by passing 20 to 100 records.
Always try to pass null values in every methods. This is the area where most of program fails, unknowingly.
Please use call out mock to test web-service call out .
System.debug statement are not counted as a part of apex code limit.
We can run unit test by using Salesforce Standard UI,Force.com IDE ,Console ,API.
Maximum number of test classes run per 24 hour of period is not grater of 500 or 10 multiplication of test classes of your organization.